EEO Code Q & A
EEOC Industry Code Q & A - SIC vs. NAICS
Why were the industry codes for the Census changed from the SIC to the NAICS?
The North American Industry Classification System was developed as a joint effort by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, in order to have common industry definitions. This enables economists and others to compare the industrial statistics produced in each of the three different nations' labor force. For more information on the NAICS, go to the website: http://www.census.gov/epcd/www/naics.html.
The Census Bureau always uses the most recent standard classification to create its own classification for each census. For this reason it has based the Census 2000 classification on the NAICS rather than on the SIC.
Which set of occupation codes would I use to develop my Affirmative Action Program (AAP), Affirmative Employment Plan (AEP), and/or Equal Employment Opportunity Plan (EEOP)?
The EEO code data file is used by many organizations to develop and update their affirmative action plans. Depending on the level of detail that is required, some organizations use the most detailed occupation codes available (the Census codes) while others may use higher-level aggregations of occupation codes (such as the nine EEO-1 job categories). The Census Bureau created the EEO file according to the sponsors' specifications. Users who need assistance in developing plans and conducting analyses should contact the agency requesting the information.
Private companies who are working on their AAP and have questions can contact the Office of Federal Contract Compliance at the Department of Labor by emailing OFCCP-Public@dol.gov. State and local governments and organizations required to complete an EEOP can contact the Department of Justice. Federal agencies can contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by calling Federal Sector Programs at 202-663-4518. If you have any questions on the EEO data tool or the data itself, call the Census Bureau at 301-763-3239.
How does NAICS compare to the SIC?
There are some differences between the 1997 NAICS and the 1987 SIC, but much of the layout is similar. The user is able to obtain data for more than two thirds of all 4-digit SICs from the new 6-digit NAICS. Either the new NAICS industries are subdivisions of the old SIC industries or the industry definitions have not changed. However, there are some very basic differences between the two. The SIC had only 9 divisions, while the NAICS has 20 sectors. Some of the NAICS sectors were created by splitting SIC divisions.
The NAICS includes advanced technologies and new and emerging industries, which the SIC did not. For example, the NAICS has an information sector not included in the SIC. There is a crosswalk that shows the relationship between SIC and NAICS. This crosswalk is available at http://www.census.gov/epcd/ec97brdg/index.html. If you are interested in a crosswalk showing the relationship between 1990 Census Codes, 2000 Census Codes, and the 1997 NAICS, it is available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/ioindex/indcswk2k.pdf.
Why was the SOC revised?
The SOC was revised because it had not been updated since 1980. The revision was long overdue because of changes in the labor force and in the way economists view the labor force. Once the revision process was started, the SOC Revision Policy Committee quickly determined that, due to the extent of the changes being proposed, it was necessary to redesign the entire SOC. Go to the following website http://stats.bls.gov/soc/home.htm for more details.